Level 3

Central Authentication Services

SB12: Servers or applications classified as medium risk or higher, or handling data classified as L3 or higher, whether managed directly by Harvard or via contract with a third-party service provider for Harvard's use (e.g. IaaS, SaaS), must use a centrally-managed Harvard authentication system that requires more than one factor for authentication where technically feasible, e.g. HarvardKey or Harvard VPN, or comparable non-Harvard multi-factor authentication system (supported/approved by Harvard). 

Secure disposal

SB11: Information designated level 3 or 4 must be properly disposed of by securely overwriting the information or physically destroying the media when no longer needed, whether the system is managed directly by Harvard or via contract with a third-party service provider for Harvard's use (e.g. IaaS, SaaS).

Reporting breaches

SB10: Server and application operators must promptly inform the appropriate escalation contacts of any possible breaches, whether the system is managed directly by Harvard or via contract with a third-party service provider for Harvard's use (e.g. IaaS, SaaS).

Reviewing logs

SB9: The logs must periodically be reviewed for anomalous behavior, whether the system is managed directly by Harvard or via contract with a third-party service provider for Harvard's use (e.g. IaaS, SaaS).

Administrative functions

SB8: Administrative functions on servers and applications must be logged, whether the system is managed directly by Harvard or via contract with a third-party service provider for Harvard's use (e.g. IaaS, SaaS).

Logging access

SB7: User and administrator access to servers and applications must be logged, whether the system is managed directly by Harvard or via contract with a third-party service provider for Harvard's use (e.g. IaaS, SaaS).

Theft or loss

SB6: Confidential information on servers and backup media must be protected against access in the case of physical theft or loss.

Improper access

SB5: Servers must be protected from improper network-based access, whether the system is managed directly by Harvard or via contract with a third-party service provider for Harvard's use (e.g. IaaS, SaaS).

Idle sessions

SB3: A mechanism must be used to force re-authentication to user accounts after an idle period, whether the system is managed directly by Harvard or via contract with a third-party service provider for Harvard's use (e.g. IaaS, SaaS).

Password guessing

SB2: Servers or applications must implement a mechanism that inhibits password guessing attacks on user accounts if the server or application does its own authentication, whether the system is managed directly by Harvard or via contract with a third-party service provider for Harvard's use (e.g. IaaS, SaaS).

Server operators

SA14: People responsible for the operation of servers must have the skills, experience and/or training needed to implement these requirements, whether the system is managed directly by Harvard or via contract with a third-party service provider for Harvard's use (e.g. IaaS, SaaS).

Highest classification

SA13: Servers storing or processing information belonging to more than one classification must meet the requirements associated with the highest classification, whether the system is managed directly by Harvard or via contract with a third-party service provider for Harvard's use (e.g. IaaS, SaaS).

No shared accounts

SA11: Server operators must not knowingly permit shared user account credentials, whether the system is managed directly by Harvard or via contract with a third-party service provider for Harvard's use (e.g. IaaS, SaaS).

Malware detection and endpoint detection and response

SA10: All servers must run malware detection and endpoint detection and response software with up-to-date signature files, whether the system is managed directly by Harvard or via contract with a third-party service provider for Harvard's use (e.g. IaaS, SaaS).

Current patches

SA9: Operating system and application patches must be current and supported by the vendor or Open Source project, whether the system is managed directly by Harvard or via contract with a third-party service provider for Harvard's use (e.g. IaaS, SaaS).

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